Purple Sage Santa Fe
A bomb explosion plus the threat of a second bomb at the Spanish Gran Canaria airport on March 27, 1977, temporarily resulted to many aircrafts needing to be diverted to the Los Rodeos Airport (now called Tenerife North Airport). The crowding of planes in Los Rodeos, however, forced air traffic controllers (ATC) to direct some of the planes’ pilots to park their aircraft on one of two taxiways which, eventually, also got congested.
As the Gran Canaria reopened later that same day, planes originally en route to it prepared to proceed there. Two of these planes were the Pan Am Flight 1736, with 380 passengers and 747s: the KLM Flight 4805, which had 234 passengers and 14 crew members4.
Communications began between these two 747s and the ATC for takeoff instructions. With two taxiways clogged with parked planes, though, the ATC saw the need to assign Runway 12/30 (normally used for takeoffs only), as both taxiway and runway. However, due to the fog that blanketed the airport and the absence of ground radar, the ATC knew only of the planes’ activities and locations through the inputs made by both pilot.
Eight minutes after communications began between the planes and the ATC, an explosion was heard: Pan Am Flight 1736 and 747s: the KLM Flight 4805 collided, killing 583 crew members and passengers in what is now considered as the deadliest accident in aviation history.
Parts of the recorded exchanges revealed two things: (i) the obvious miscommunication between the ATC and the two flight crews; and, (ii) the absence of standardized English phrases that would allow flight crews and ATCs to clearly understand each other. And while many aviation accidents in the past have been blamed on pilots, this tragic aviation accident was blamed on the ATC.
In 2012, he Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) discovered 4,394 errors committed by ATCs from the 132 million flights they handled; 41 of these errors were high risk, meaning, these could have ended catastrophically.
Critics say that the yearly number of ATC mistakes reported to the FAA is far below what is real. ATCs have the primary duty of ensuring safety in aviation activities by keeping planes at a safe distance from each other.
Despite the increase of ATC errors in 2013, which saw about 6,700 situations wherein planes flew nearer each other than allowed in U.S. airspace, it is held that air travel remains to be the safest and fastest means of long distance transportation. But while all studies may point to experts’ concurrence about the safety of air travel, when an accident occurs, the fact that victims and/or their families may be entitled to compensation due to damages resulting from the accident cannot be denied.
Claiming compensation, though, is not easy and airline companies usually make settlement offers to victims or their families during the 45-day rule imposed by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) (this 45-day rule prohibits law firms from contacting the victims or their families until the 45th day after the accident). Due to this, many victims, who are not aware of what the law contains regarding aviation accidents, receive settlement offers that are lower than what the law prescribes.
Though the 45-day rule prohibits law firms from contacting the victims or their families, no rule prohibits the victims or their families from contacting a law firm. According to airplane accident lawyers from the law firm Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller & Overbeck, P.A., pursuing the compensation the victim and his/her family deserves, especially if the injury sustained is severe, is necessary as this will help cover the costs of the accident and secure much needed closure.
An airplane accident lawyer may be prohibited from contacting you, but no one prohibits you from contacting one; get in touch with one now and so receive the full compensation that you deserve.
When someone enters your premises, there is always an assumption that you will be safe and not get injured. Property owners have the assumption that their premises provide a safe environment. According to the website of Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller & Overbeck, PA, property owners have the responsibility to address any dangerous situation. Unfortunately, many are unable to do so and this is where visitors or tenants can file a premise liability claim against the owner.
While premise liability holds the property owner liable for any accidents or injuries that occur on their property, there are certain instances when they are not totally liable. The laws and procedures of the state where the injury occurred will determine liability. In some states, the status of the injured visitor determines liability while in other states, the condition of the property and the activities of the owner and visitor will decide who has responsibility. It is worth noting that the tenant is treated similarly as a landowner in most situations.
However, in the case of commercial properties such as an apartment or condominium, liability is determined by the contract between landlord and tenant. In these cases, the tenant has more liability for accidents since they have more control over the safety of the premise than property owners. The latter will bear the responsibility for any accidents if they did not inform tenants about the presence of a dangerous condition.
Moreover, tenants have liability for accidents or injuries caused by movable objects inside their apartments. Property owners are liable for non-movable things such as windows, floors, walls, and ceilings. They are also responsible for fixtures outside the apartment. This is usually the principle followed by courts when the case involves rented apartments.
Premise liability is also governed by the legal obligation of acting reasonably as a prudent person under the circumstances. This concept is now starting to replace the old approach of trespasser/licensee/invitee.
Defining each term, an invitee is one who is invited to the property by a tenant. There is usually an implication that the person who invited has taken reasonable steps to assure the safety of the premises. The licensee enters the premises for personal purposes while a trespasser enters without any rights whatsoever. In the case of the licensee and trespasser, there is no implied promise of safety.
It can be difficult to care for the elderly; sometimes it can be more demanding than caring for able-bodied children. Children, after all, grow up from their behavior and are taught to care for themselves. Those who are of an elderly age sometimes need assistance just for their day to day and there’s no growing out of it—they’re already at the last stage of natural life; there’s not much development that can go from there. The best loved ones can do is to ensure that their remaining years are as happy and comfortable as possible.
So maybe you’re considering assisted living for either yourself or for your elderly loved ones. First, it is necessary to define what actually is assisted living. According the information as stated on SeniorAdvice.com, “assisted living” is an option of long term care when it is evident that the elderly person in question is no longer capable of caring for themselves, by themselves. They require help – assistance, if you will – hence, assisted living.
A carer, as it were, is someone who cares for them so that they won’t have to—because they can’t.
The signs are always there. Perhaps they’re losing significant weight that they can’t really afford to lose; maybe they avoid showers because they find they can no longer lift their arms up for even a few minutes at a time; it is a strong possibility that they even neglect or intentionally refuse to take necessary medication or eat well. It is the duty of care of the elderly person’s loved ones to ensure that they are in an environment that they are cared for and are comfortable as they live out what years they have left in this life.
Assisted living – which, as the name might suggest, living with assistance – can be a viable option. It is recommended to contact professionals about the matter, in order to be advised on the best options for your specific circumstances.
When you are driving two to three blocks away to pick up your kids or buy your monthly groceries, you might be thinking about not wearing a seatbelt at all. You may feel that it wouldn’t be necessary because you are driving not far from your home and will not go all the way beyond the speed limit. But, no matter how mundane the task of wearing a seatbelt is, it is by far the most important thing that you can do to ensure your safety while on your car.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, thousands of lives could have been saved if occupants had not failed to wear a seatbelt prior to an accident. Although airbags are also effective in preventing fatalities during car crashes, seatbelts provide incomparable protection among adults and older children.
Imagine driving at a speed of 80 miles per hour. Because your body adopts the speed of the moving car, a sudden stop (a head-on car crash, for instance) would make your body continue to move on at the same rate. If you fail to restrain yourself, chances are you will be thrown out of the vehicle at 80 mph, or hit the steering wheel or the windshield at the same speed. Seatbelt’s ultimate goal is to keep you within your car at the time of the crash, where there is the highest possibility of survival.
However, there are instances when seatbelts themselves pose safety concerns among its users. An improperly worn seatbelt, for instance, may cause chest and abdominal injuries during collisions. Lawyers at the Sampson Law Firm also warned about car safety products, including seatbelts, which have been designed and manufactured defectively, causing them not to function in times of need. So, it is not enough to just wear your seatbelt; you have to wear it properly and ensure that you are using only those that have been manufactured within quality standards.
According to the website of Pohl Berk, a firm specializing in personal injury, regardless of how defensively we may drive, there are numerous ways in which the actions of others can cause a car accident, and leave victims facing a wide variety of challenges in the aftermath of an accident.
Recent accident rates suggest that each of us is likely to be involved in about 4 accidents in our lifetime. The website of Williams Kherkher says that there are millions of accidents each year. Hundreds of thousands of people are injured, and thousands of these injuries are severe. In fact, according to the most recent statistics, of the close to 6 million reported accidents in 2012, the NHTSA states that more than 6,000 passengers were injured and 644,000 were killed in these accidents. Fortunately, the lowest car accident fatality and injury rates are among children ages 9 and under. The majority of these low rates can be attributed to child safety restraints. However, after an accident, many people do not realize that these restraints may need to be replaced.
According to the NHTSA, it is recommended that child safety restraints be replaced after an accident that is considered to be moderate to severe. They suggest that doing ensures that the child will experience the highest level of safety in case the integrity of the seat was compromised in a previous accident.
A child’s seat may also need to be replaced after a minor accident. However, the NHTSA does not necessarily suggest that this is necessary. According to one study conducted by the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, all seats tested that sustained minor damage in accidents up to 30 mph continued to meet all federal standards even after being involved in four more accidents. The study therefore concluded that there were no cases in which a child’s safety seat was damaged in a minor crash.
According to the NHTSA, a minor crash must meet ALL of the following criteria:
- The vehicle was able to be driven away from the crash site;
- The vehicle door nearest the safety seat was undamaged;
- There were no injuries to any of the vehicle occupants;
- The air bags (if present) did not deploy; AND
- There is no visible damage to the safety seat
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Census Bureau, single parenting after a divorce can have a number of negative effects on a child’s life. Statistics show that, when raised by a single parent, 35 percent of these children account for 63 percent of teen suicides, 71 percent of high school dropouts, and 90 percent of child homelessness. It should be of no surprise that many are attempting to curb the effects of single parenting households through child custody reforms.
One group advocating for change is the National Parents Organization. In addition, as many as 20 states are considering making changes to laws that dictate which parent gets legal and physical custody of a child after divorce. Currently, according to the website of attorneys at BB Law Group PLLC, a firm specializing in divorce and family law, child custody is determined by what the court considers is in the best interest of the child. However, advocates pushing for the implementation of equal custody schedules state that equal custody is what is actually in the best interest of the child. Many are citing a recent study conducted by Swedish researchers which found that in Western countries, when children are able to spend substantial time with each parent after a divorce, the child is significantly less stressed.
Despite the newfound benefits of shared custody, others are stating that shared custody can also lead to negative effects on children’s mental health. Some believe that shared custody causes a continuous contention between parents and anxiousness for children that are constantly going back and forth between homes and parenting styles. Therefore, they suggest that while there are certainly benefits to shared custody, the best current course of action is to decide a child’s custody on a case by case basis.
Whether you own a small business or just have a large paper trail after years of filing and record keeping, one should take special precaution when storing documents. Unlike other items, documents are susceptible to damage from changes in temperature, moisture, and mildew.
One easy way to ensure that your documents are not only safe but also last as long as you intend them to is by using a temperature controlled self-storage unit. Though it costs a bit more, it is definitely worth the investment. If you do decide to go this route, there are further measures you can take to protect your documents and make it convenient for you as well.
Some would suggest that you store you documents in storage units with security features such as lighting, cameras, fencing, and onsite management or guards. After finding a temperature controlled storage facility, it is important to find out if the temperature can be manually controlled at each unit or if the entire facility is controlled by management. Other recommendations include checking for pest control. A few ways of doing this are asking management how they deal with pest, checking for weeds around the storage unit, and looking for potential points of entry such as foundation crack or unsecure doors.
Another tip is to manage space efficiently so that you can easily access your documents when necessary. The website of Mopac Self Storage suggests that you not store your documents in plastic bags as they may retain moisture which can lead to damage and that you place any books flat in order to protect their spines. It is also a good idea to check up on your storage unit at least once a month.
National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center states that there are an estimated 12,500 people that suffer spinal cord injuries every year. It is also well documented that the leading cause of spinal cord injuries is motor vehicle accidents at more than 35 percent. According www.williamskherkher.com, there are more than 2 million automobile accidents every year which result in hundreds of thousands of severe injuries many of which include spinal cord injuries.
In addition to automobile accidents, falls are also a leading cause of spinal cord injuries. In fact, they cause more than 25 percent of all spinal cord injuries and are especially prominent in people older than 65-year-of-age.
A Louisville personal injury attorney would probably be aware that there are at least two results to spinal cord injuries, partial and total paralysis. Partial paralysis, also known as paraplegia, affects the lower half of the body and leads to the requirement of a wheelchair. The more limiting injury, total paralysis, also known as quadriplegia, results in the paralysis of the entire body.
Experienced lawyers state that other leading causes of both of these types of spinal cord injuries are acts of violence and sports accidents. Statistics shows that each of these account for about 15 and 9 percent of spinal cord injuries respectively. It has also been shown that about one out of every four spinal cord injuries involve alcohol.
Lastly, though the majority of spinal cord injuries are caused by outside factors such as human error, it can also result from certain disease. Common disease that could lead to spinal injuries include cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis and inflammation of the spinal cord.
Though pharmaceutical drugs are developed in order to benefit our health, negligence and malpractice on behalf of doctors or drug manufacturers themselves can often lead to several unfortunate adverse effects. Sadly, one common area in which this is most evident is in the area of congenital birth defects.
One recent example of a drug that leads to birth defects is Zofran. Though safe if used properly, “off-label” prescriptions as well as misleading marketing practices have led to the FDA issuing warnings regarding this drug’s association to several birth defects.
According to the website of Williams Kherkher, a firm that has had plenty of experience with cases involving Zofran, Ondansetron, the generic name for Zofran, can lead to several congenital heart defects as well as orofacial clefts. Unfortunately, Zofran, which was originally approved for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in cancer and post-surgery patients, is often prescribed “off-label” to pregnant women who experience similar symptoms.
Sadly, certain medications are not the only risk that unborn and newborn children face. For example, newborn children also run the risk of developing cerebral and Erb’s palsy. According to the website of the Chicago cerebral palsy attorneys at the Driscoll firm, cerebral and Erb’s palsy are often caused by negligence on behalf of medical professionals. Failure to uphold medical standards by pulling the baby’s head at the wrong time, using medical tools inappropriately, or pulling too hard on the shoulders can often lead to a child’s development of cerebral or Erb’s Palsy.
Restructuring your finances after filing for bankruptcy can seem like a daunting challenge. Whether you or an unexpected event put you in a situation where bankruptcy was the only way out, it is important to remember that bankruptcy should be seen as a fresh start. Plano bankruptcy attorneys often see how people are forced to consider bankruptcy as a means to regain control of their finances. And while bankruptcy can lead to you harming your credit, there are a few simpe steps and habits that many experts recommend you follow in order to bounce back from bankruptcy.
An easy and manageable way to build credit is by obtaining a secured credit card. A secured credit card is one where you make an initial deposit to a bank and they issue a card with a line of credit that is 50 to 100 percent of your deposit. It recommended that you start with around $500 and slowly work your way up as your credit improves. Also, you should be wary of high start-up fees and hidden charges. In addition, it is important that you ensure that your transactions are being reported to all three major credit bureaus. After about 12 to 24 months, you should ask if you can be switched to an unsecured card. In order to avoid spiraling out of financial control again, you should try to only spend the same amount as you did on your secured card.
Another method of building credit is by getting a gas credit card. Though some suggest getting a retail credit card, the potential to splurge on unnecessary items may be hard for some to resist. Therefore, it is much wiser to obtain a card for something that you are highly unlikely to spend more than you need to on, such as gas.
In addition, you should constantly be obtaining and reviewing your credit report. By checking your credit report you can get a better idea of where you are now and where you intend to be. This can also help you to further plan out and structure your finances. It is also important that you dispute and correct any errors found on your report. Incorrect information such as the appearance of previously discharged debts can hinder your credit’s improvement.
Lastly, you should strive to pay all your bills on time, and pay off your credit balance every month. Do not use credit to buy necessities, avoid new debt such as loans and car payments, and build up your savings.